Affectionately known as the Spice Isle, Grenada, a small Caribbean island just under 100 miles north of Venezuela, has long flown under the radar of the tourism and heritage industries. Although the island is widely known for St. George’s Medical School and the 1983 Operation Urgent Fury, it is also home to thousands of years of tangible and intangible cultural heritage that many have either forgotten about or have never learned.

History of Grenada 

The story of Grenada begins around 300 CE with the indigenous Amerindians from South America, composed of first the Arawaks and then the Caribs (Encyclopaedia Britannica). Although there is no longer an indigenous population on the island, their footprint can still be found in Grenada, Carriacou, and Petite Martinique. The Amerindians brought their culture and language to the islands that we have found remnants of through ceramics and pottery that tell stories about the tools they used and the diets they had.

One remnant of Amerindian presence can be found on the northern tip of the island In the small coastal village of Waltham, you can find Amerindian Petroglyphs that are referred to as “Carib Stones.” These are believed to date between AD 900-1400 and reflect the Suzan-Troumassoid Occupation (Martin 125). Unfortunately there are still many gaps in what we know about Amerindian presence on the island and more archaeological studies are necessary to fully understand the island’s history pre-colonialism. 

Cultural Effects of Colonialism 

Following multiple failed attempts at colonization, the French government successfully established a settlement at St. Georges in 1649 (Martin 17). The French ruled until 1762 and it was in those 114 years that most of the Amerindian people were killed. An infamous battle that resulted in the deaths of 40 Caribs occurred in May 1650, where the French ambushed the Caribs in the town of Duquesne; with no escape, the Caribs jumped off a cliff now known as Morne des Sauteurs.

During the French occupation of Grenada, they established plantations and imported African Slaves, opening a new tragic chapter in the island’s history. The island was ceded to Britain in the Treaty of Paris in 1763, but was later recaptured by the French in 1779, and once again restored to Britain in 1783 until Grenada proclaimed independence on February 7, 1974 (Encyclopaedia Britannica). 

This period of colonization left a distinct mark on Grenada that can be seen in Georgian architecture, French influence on village and street names, as well as in intangible cultural heritage (syncretism), manifested by the Big Drum Dance and Maroon Fest in Carriacou and Saraca and Shango in Grenada (Martin 237).

Aftermath of Hurricane Ivan 

Grenada is home to many historical sites, including historic forts, York House, and the St. George’s Anglican Church. Unfortunately, many of these sites have fallen victim to benign neglect and are not being properly preserved for future generations. The poor state of many sites was only exacerbated by Hurricane Ivan in 2004. York House, best known for being home to the Houses of Parliament, was extremely damaged by the 2004 hurricane. The roof was torn off and windows were destroyed, but little was done to restore and protect this building, so it sits decaying today, nearly 20 years later (Martin 40). This is only one example of many historic or heritage sites on the island that are not getting the attention and preservation they deserve.


Where do we go from here?

Grenada’s cultural legacy is at a crossroads. The island has a rich culture composed of Soca dancing, Spice Mas or Carnival and cooking with locally grown chocolate and spices. These pieces of intangible cultural heritage or living heritage are what is seen and prioritized by locals and expats alike. It is about time that Grenada begins prioritizing and embracing tangible heritage the same way they do living heritage. 

In order for anyone to fully appreciate and learn from Grenada’s heritage, it is imperative that we begin investing in preserving heritage sites. If the proper investments aren’t made as soon as possible, we risk allowing Grenada’s tangible heritage to disappear, along with any chance we have of learning about the history of the island. 

The Amerindians who once inhabited this island left behind their stories etched in stone, waiting for us to uncover and understand. The colonial period, with its architectural influence and the birth of unique traditions, shaped Grenada’s identity. Yet, many of these historic sites stand neglected and vulnerable to the ravages of time, as evidenced by the state of York House, the Public Library, the Police Barracks, Fort Matthew, the Government House…to name a few.  

By safeguarding Grenada’s heritage, we not only honor its past but also ensure a future where this heritage can continue to educate, inspire, and unite generations to come. We must learn from history, not allow it to fade into obscurity. The time is now. Let’s come together to protect Grenada’s legacy, to preserve its cultural treasures, and to celebrate the diverse tapestry of this extraordinary island. Our actions today will determine whether Grenada’s heritage lives on for future generations or becomes a forgotten chapter in history.


Written by Katharine Rubinetti



Britannica, The Editors of Encyclopaedia. “Grenada summary”. Encyclopedia Britannica, 2 May. 2020, Accessed 21 November 2023.

Martin, John Angus. Grenada Heritage. The Grenada National Trust, 2019.


“Grenada National Trust under the Proud of my Heritage project funded by UNESCO, does not assume any responsibility or liability for any errors, omissions and information in the content of this site. The information contained in this site is provided on an “as is” basis with no guarantees of completeness, accuracy, usefulness or timeliness as the content and audio-visual materials were compiled from interviews done to specifics ICH practitioners and bearers around Grenada, Carriacou and Petite Martinique in 2022 who gave us their written consent during the pilot Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH) inventorying exercises”

If you are an educational institution, organization and/or researcher who would like to receive more information about any specific ICH element’ material, please feel free to contact us at

The Grenada National Trust through its UNESCO-funded Proud of my Heritage project thanks all entrants and judges of its 2022 Intangible Cultural Heritage photo contest. We encourage everyone to document the rich cultural heritage of Grenada, Carriacou and Petite Martinique.
The Proud of my Heritage ICH Photo Competition is now closed.
Winners will be announced on 15 November 2022 on this website and on our social media pages.

The Intangible Cultural Heritage (ICH) Proud of my Heritage team today made a courtesy visit to the Minister for Culture, Honorable Ron Redhead. 

The team, led by President of the Grenada National Trust Darryl Brathwaite, briefed the Minister on the accomplishments of the Proud of my Heritage Project to date and outlined future initiatives. 

Since the project’s launch in February 2022, 150 people attended 4 workshops focused on creating awareness and building capacity for the inventorying and safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage in Grenada, Carriacou & Petite Martinique. 

Our trained technicians conducted research with cultural practitioners across the nation, among them masqueraders and drummers. Our expert team created the first edition of an Educators Resource Guide for primary school teachers to incorporate Grenada’s living heritage within their lessons.

Within the upcoming months, the Proud of my Heritage team will showcase some of the ICH elements of Grenada through multimedia.

The Honorable Ron Redhead, his Permanent Secretary Norman Gilbert and Acting Assistant Chief Cultural Officer Susan Jones-Benjamin offered words of support for the ICH project and were keen on establishing a long-term system of heritage transmission for generations to come.

GNT Principal presents Minister Ron Redhead with Education Resource Book – 6 September 2022

Mr. Brathwaite presented Minister Redhead with a copy of “Heritage Grenada” a book that is a pictorial journey around Grenada and the first edition of the “Intangible Cultural Heritage Resource Guide for Grenada Carriacou & Petite Martinique.” 

(St. GEORGE’S, GRENADA, 6 July 2022) – The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) and the Grenada National Trust engaged the marketing and professional services of Lashington Agency to lead the media campaign for its Proud of my Heritage project. The 1-year project aims to build the capacity of communities and cultural practitioners to identify, manage and safeguard the Intangible and Living Cultural Heritage elements in Grenada, Carriacou, and Petite Martinique.

“Living Heritage is important to everyone as it provides warm precious memories from our past. Unfortunately, much of it is lost unintentionally as we often wait too late to save them, then find they regrettably are gone forever,” said Darryl Brathwaite, President of the Grenada National Trust.

The UNESCO-funded project is Proud of my Heritage: Transmission and Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage in Grenada through inventorying and education initiatives. It aims to record, protect and safeguard most of the Intangible Cultural Heritage elements of Grenada, Carriacou and Petite Martinique that are under threat of disappearing and unknown to nationals, especially younger generations.

“The purpose of this project is to allow us to save the old recipes, medicines, seasonings, crafts, stories, photos, songs, dances, games and ways of doing things from earlier times. This special marketing effort is to ensure that Grenadians are aware of what may be the last opportunity to save what matters to us and to share those joyous discoveries with our community,” commented Brathwaite.

Chrislyn Lashington, Principal, Lashington Agency

The Lashington Agency will be responsible for engaging stakeholders of the Proud of my Heritage project and leading a multimedia campaign to raise awareness about the various elements of the Intangible Cultural Heritage elements among the youth, community leaders and the general public at home and in the Grenadian Diaspora.

“As a creative entrepreneur, I’m thrilled to contribute to the success of this Proud of my Heritage project! It is an honour to marry my background in performing arts and public relations to a project that will protect the cultural heritage of my country and create a repository of the various elements for generations to come,” said Chrislyn Lashington, Principal of Lashington Agency.

Lashington brings a wealth of experience in culture and marketing communications. She holds a Master of Public Health and a post-graduate certificate in Marketing. Through her marketing, communications and entertainment agency, she has gained success for many companies including the Healthy Caribbean Coalition, Grenada Red Cross, the Grenada Tourism Authority, and even entertainers like

Grammy-award-winning artiste Shaggy. Chrislyn Lashington is also a dancer, musician, and creative director of a traditional Sailor Mas band for carnival.

The three phases of the Proud of my Heritage project include (i) inventorying the intangible cultural heritage of Grenada, (ii) creating a living heritage Heritage Curriculum programme for primary schools, and (iii) increasing awareness through media campaign.

Within the first three months of the Intangible Cultural Heritage – Proud of my Heritage (ICH-PmH) project, formally launched in February, ninety-six (96) ICH coordinators and technicians were trained in techniques and practice of inventorying and documenting intangible cultural heritage elements. They were provided with tools to conduct fieldwork from July to September 2022.

Primary school teachers during the August holidays will assist the ICH-PmH in designing, developing and implementing the Proud of my Heritage Education Programme Resource Guide for students in grades 5 and 6 – a critical phase to raise awareness and transmit the living heritage in Grenada.

Jacqueline-Creft-Charcoal-Dawing-Nimeka-Drakes-1.jpg Cynthia-Gairy-Charcoal-0.jpg

Written by Fayola Moore-Edwards
Images by Nimeka Drakes

Here are highlights from the work of two women in Grenada’s recent history who, as well as being dedicated mothers, contributed substantially to the development and education of our society and paved the way for women in leadership.  

Cynthia Gairy – Charcoal

Cynthia Gairy

Cynthia Gairy, nee Clyne, was born in St. David in 1923.  Coming out of school, she was very skilled in various areas, including music and sewing.   She shared these skills with her immediate community and was even a piano teacher at one point.  She did voluntary social work in her local village, as many knew they could rely on her for assistance. She later married Eric Gairy, who became the first prime minister of Grenada, and started a family.  Despite not having a university degree and while raising her 2 girls, she had a successful career in government, becoming the first woman in Grenada to sit in the House of Representatives in 1961.  After the election of 1967, Mrs Gairy became Minister of Social Affairs, which was responsible for education, health, labour and social welfare.  

At the beginning of the Grenadian Revolution (1979), Mrs Gairy was the only member of Parliament who was not put into prison. This was because they could find nothing inappropriate in her background.  She was known as a pillar of rectitude.  She was passionate about culture, initiating the Lancers festival, a traditional dance festival, between the 60s and 70s.  During her time in office, there were at least 65 cultural groups known throughout the island. Grenada boasted a team of 85 performers for the 1972 Carifesta with the youngest being a 6 year old boy and the oldest, an 83 year old violinist.  She promoted the Homemakers Association (Grenada Branch) and was passionate about research into local produce and how it could be used in various ways.  She would then develop opportunities to impart this newfound knowledge to the population, e.g. food festivals.  When Ms Gairy died in 2018, many remembered her giving nature and love of people.


Jacqueline Creft – Charcoal Drawing


Jacqueline Creft

Jacqueline Creft was born in 1946.  At the beginning of the Grenadian Revolution in 1979, she was the only woman among the original seven leaders of the People’s Revolutionary Government.  During their time in office, she was the Minister of Education and campaigned for universal access to education, driven by an expressed belief that education was a right and not a privilege. Under her leadership, teachers were trained while in service through the NISTEP initiative.  Most of the week, they taught in schools and at least once a week would attend teacher training centres around the island.   To fill in their absence, community members would come in to teach local crafts, fishing, sewing, etc.  Community based training centres for adult literacy and professional development were also initiated.  These were of invaluable benefit to Grenada as it propelled many to succeed in their careers and improve their quality of life.   As an example, some went on to be nurses or managers in their particular institutions.  

Ms. Creft was also interested in sports and culture.  One of her visions was to have a cultural centre where anyone could learn the local arts; e.g. steelpan.  She was only in her thirties when she died but she certainly left an indelible mark on the education system.   She is remembered as a straightforward, natural and simple woman.  She is also remembered as a loving mum, who enjoyed spending time with her son and who happily went to all his school activities. 


Special thanks to:

Mrs Gloria Payne-Banfield (Friend of Mrs Gairy)

Ms Peggy Nesfield (Friend of Ms Jacqueline Creft)


With the threat of Covid-19 breathing down our necks at every turn and life as we knew it uprooted with little warning, it’s hard not to feel anxious about the future and our ability to fight this invisible enemy.  It all seems so daunting but did you know that Grenada  (and the Caribbean) has been in this position once before?  A century ago we warded off a major worldwide pandemic, and survived.  

The Pandemic of 1918-1919

The Spanish Flu  hit our region about 100 years ago.  It appeared in 1918 during the final stages of WWI.  The whole world was reeling from the grief of a four four-year long war when this virulent killer struck. Virology studies and technology were merely decades old and countries were picking up the pieces in war–torn areas.  The world was ill-prepared.  Colonialism was in full swing around the world, including on most Caribbean islands.

The term, “Spanish Flu,” is a misnomer since it originated in the US in the first quarter of 1918.  It was so dubbed because Spain was the only country reporting on its devastation at the time, due to its neutral status during the war. [2].

This (new) influenza virus spread to Europe and then returned to the Americas with renewed vigour.  It killed an estimated 50-100 million, which is a figure revised upwards from the first estimates of  24.7- 39.3 million [2].  Not much is widely known about it because it is often overshadowed by WWI, which occupied press headlines and social statistics records throughout the world[3].

The Flu was said to have come in three waves.  The first wave caused only mild symptoms (although highly contagious), the second was most virulent in spread and mortality and the third wave was less severe.  The Flu affected the Caribbean between September 1918 and the first 4 months of 1919[1].


The Pandemic in the Caribbean

The virus entered the Caribbean via ships from the US and was seen in Guadeloupe and Puerto Rico from early September, 1918.  Jamaica was one of the worst hit along with Puerto Rico, Belize and Guyana.  The true scale of its impact in the Caribbean is unknown because of various factors; including the non-existence or incompleteness of official social statistics records.  

The overall death toll recorded in the Caribbean was about 100,000. Some areas were ravaged by the disease whereas others were mildly affected.  Disparities in mortality (death toll) and morbidity (infection rate) are attributed to varying factors. Some authorities took early preventative action while others did not.  The late arrival to the Windward Islands may have caused them to experience a weakened strain.  Some governments made the disease quarantinable but stopped short of making it a notifiable disease and, at that time in the Caribbean, hundreds of deaths in poor and isolated areas went unregistered[1].  


The Most Vulnerable

Unsurprisingly, the virus was most severe on the poor, living in small crowded houses or overpopulated areas. The isolated indigenous communities also received a colossal blow.  Reports in Guyana indicate that between 60-80% of the indigenous people were affected at one time and entire communities were obliterated.  Officials in badly affected areas observed that a lost sense of morale seemed to have an impact on mortality.  Those who fared well tended to live in less densely populated areas where it was easy to spend time outdoors[1].  

Whereas common influenza epidemics typically affected children and the very old, large numbers of young people in their 20s fell to this influenza.[3] 


Common Measures Taken in the Caribbean

The common preventative measures taken by territorial authorities in the Caribbean were not unlike those adopted around the world.  There were quarantines on shipping from the USA and other countries, restriction on movements from one parish to the next, isolation of affected individuals, dissemination of information via pamphlets, restriction on gatherings of more than 10 people and suspension of schools and worship gatherings.  The pamphlets contained information about the disease and its spread as well as preventative recommendations and suggested remedies.  Protective masks, a common measure also employed in the USA, were also recommended.  Unfortunately, most of these resources would have been inaccessible to many because of their expense or because of endemic inequities such as those relating to literacy.  

Communities in territories whose governments took little or no action imposed their own  restrictions.[1]


The Windward Islands and Our Neighbours

The Windward islands had varying experiences with the virus’s impact.  St. Lucia saw the Flu’s entry in mid-November and it had spread throughout the whole island by the end of the month, with its highest death rate concentrated in the Roseau valley and Cul-de-Sac.  

In Dominica, the “Christmas Flu,” as it was locally dubbed, was present from late November.  They experienced a mild touch at first and its spread was fairly slow but, by the end of December, it had paralyzed the island.  

As for St. Vincent, anticipating its imminent arrival, several demands for the government to improve sanitary conditions were made early via the press.  The virus exhausted itself within two weeks of its first showing in mid- December, causing only a low death toll.  The press of that period highlighted the interruption of trade in imported fish and meat and the urgent need to improve public health as the most important issues in the wake of the pandemic.

Barbados was very mildly touched with a low mortality rate, although many were infected.[1]


Grenada’s Pandemic Experience

In Grenada, the Flu appeared in early December and by 12th December, 1918,  quarantine measures were in place on trade with Venezuela, Panama, Canada and the United States.  It was declared a notifiable disease before the end of the year.  Its actual toll is difficult to interpret because of seemingly conflicting reports vs records: Medical officers described it as devastating, yet death records don’t reflect any significant increase in that year nor was there a significant number of deaths attributed to the flu.  This could be because of poorly regulated death certification at the time.  One could make an informed guess that, perhaps, the disease was severe for many but not not fatal.


Trinidad and Tobago

Our southern neighbours, Trinidad and Tobago were touched fairly lightly by the disease despite its impact in Venezuela.  The press was vocal, both in its reporting and in demanding action from the government. Trinidad recorded more than 350 deaths from the Flu and pneumonia in that period.  Tobago had no deaths recorded from it whatsoever, although the disease was prevalent in some areas.  One health official stated that the disease was mild and hoped it was a secondary wave of Influenza which “would confer on the inhabitants of Tobago a partial immunity.”[1]


The Takeaway

Our small island and region has done this before.  We confronted a severe pandemic in times when health systems, communication and resources were a lot more limited than they are today.   We sustained injuries but survived with the employment of preventative measures and the leadership of authorities that were quick to action.  In fact, reading about some of these measures was like reading about our situation in Grenada today.  Oh, how history can repeat itself!

But aren’t we in a better situation today? We have more access to healthcare, a better understanding of how viruses work, more access to preventative resources, the ability to transition to online work, learning and worship, quick thinking and responsive authorities, amazing medical professionals and access to ongoing discoveries on COVID-19.  Can we overcome this?  Yes, we can and we will.  Let’s keep calm and follow official guidelines.  Stay Safe, Grenada.




  1. DAVID KILLINGRAY, The Influenza Pandemic of 1918–1919 in the British Caribbean, Social History of Medicine, Volume 7, Issue 1, April 1994, Pages 59–87,
  2. Roser, Max (2020). The Spanish flu (1918-20): The global impact of the largest influenza pandemic in history. Retrieved from
  3. [The Great Courses Plus]. (2020, March 26). The 1918 Spanish Flu-A Conspiracy of Silence | Mysteries of the Microscopic World (Part 1 of 3) [Video]. YouTube.
  4. [The Great Courses Plus]. (2020, March 26). The 1918 Spanish Flu-A Conspiracy of Silence | Mysteries of the Microscopic World (Part 2 of 3) [Video]. YouTube.



Independence:  What does it mean to you?

At church one Independence week, the preacher asked, ‘“What does Independence mean to you?” Met by silence from the reticent congregation, he implored the young people to answer the question.  One by one, some stood and spoke out what seemed to be regurgitated independence jargon learnt from their school celebrations: “Independence means freedom,” “coming together as one people,” “unity,” “being proud of our beautiful nation,” “getting together with family and friends.” And others spoke enthusiastically about how they celebrate.

Listening to this exchange made me reflect on how Independence had a different meaning to those born afterGrenada became independent compared to what it meant to the generations born before.  Nonetheless, what everyone has in common is their strong sense of national pride.

My generation was one of the first born after Grenada achieved its Independence status. We never experienced living in a dependent state.  We never knew what it was like to not be a country, to not even have a flag or a national anthem.  We had no idea that a generation before us went to school and sang another country’s anthem.


The School Grade Independence Lesson of Yesteryear

Over 37 years on, I am a culturally sensitive, history-aware and extremely proud Grenadian.  So how did I get here?  Many influences in my life have had a part to play; from the stories told by my parents and grandparents to being exposed to traditional arts from childhood.  If I could trace where it all started, however, I would go back to my school days.  School instilled in my post-independence peers and me an excitement about being Grenadian. School gave me a strong base that motivated me to find out more. At school, we learnt about our country’s history and national symbols, natural resources and products.

This year we celebrate 46 years of being a nation and, in honour of our Independence day, February 7, here’s a list of seven activities we used to do at school that fostered our sense of national pride in the early post-independence years.


  1. Sang the national anthem and recited the pledge of allegiance every day.
  2. Sang songs about the virtues of Grenada.
  3. Practiced for and participated in the national Independence Day parade.
  4. Learned the significance of our coat of arms.
  5. Chorally recited the symbolisms found on Grenada’s flag.
  6. Had our independence treat, which in my school was a hot dog with a snow ice. (We used to be so excited about this!)
  7. Wore our house uniforms the day before independence; each house having one of Grenada’s national colours. This was typical of school houses back then.


How about you? Do you remember doing any of these activities at school?


The Modern Day School-Based Celebration

Curious as to how things had advanced since my school days, I recently visited my primary Alma Mater to see how they were celebrating this year; and what a grand celebratory schedule they had…

Their celebrations kicked off a week before with their Independence road relay, followed by a day for classroom decorating on the themes of Famous Grenadians, Famous places and Flora and Fauna of Grenada.  Finally, on the day before Independence Day (our nationally recognised national colours day) school started with an Independence themed assembly, in which, as the very enthusiastic principal explained, they learned about all well-known Grenadians. Kids presented Prime Ministers and Governors General. There was an exhibition of local dishes, local spices, crafts from local raw materials and floral arrangements. And no Independence celebration would be complete these days without a big plate of Oil Down which the kids ate with gusto.

As I was there, my eyes truly feasted on the vibrancy of the colours emanating from the decorations all around the school, from the flags to the children’s clothing. The school  was just abuzz with a passionate vibe of excitement felt from teachers and students alike. Oh, what a grand occasion it was and, judging from all the colourful outfits worn on the street by students from other schools, I know they were all celebrating in a similarly grand way.  One school I passed had drummers lined up with Belè dancers (all kids) getting ready in the background.  How I wished I could have stopped to witness the spectacle.


That Unceasing Sense of National Pride

It warmed my heart to see how great an affair the schools have made Independence as the years have gone on.  A more elaborate celebratory schedule from what we had but what remains evident is the core value of instilling national pride. I really appreciate the introduction my generation had but judging from what I have seen this year, schools’ influence on our national pride will only get better and better.

As we celebrate 46 years, here’s to all that our nation’s schools, principals and teachers have done and continue to do in making us proud of our nation.  Happy Independence to all!


A-ZA book that all Grenadians must have

Every now and again, you come across a piece of work or reference material, that is so relevant and majestic that you wonder how you’d missed it. This book is one of those cases, and I’m sure if I missed it, many thousands of Grenadians both at home and abroad did too. Whatever, the reason, the time has come to recognise and share this magnificent book.

It is packed with information that straightens out the history books once and for all. It’s presented in a style that is easily digested by all readers and every page holds text or images that capture the soul and essence of our beautiful tri-island state from every perspective.

I personally, have a passion for all things Grenadian, but must confess to having seen the title on the book shelves but passed it by as though it were written for tourists. I could not have been more wrong. This book has been compiled with a real since of love and passion for the content that resides within and the subject matter of Grenada. It is written with an understanding that much of our history has been misquoted or has been contradictory.

Marcus Garvey, once said “a people with no knowledge of its history, is like a tree without roots, it can not grow”. John Angus Martin, with this book, has given us a great foundation to piece together our history for current and future generations to embrace in their everyday lives.

This book should be in every Grenadian home wherever you reside on the planet. (MA, May 2013)


JAM_120pxAbout the Author

John Angus Martin was born and grew up in St. George?s, Grenada, where he attended the St. George?s Roman Catholic Boys? School (now known as the J.W. Fletcher Memorial Boys? School) and Presentation Brothers? College before immigrating to Brooklyn, New York with his family in 1978.

He graduated in 1986 with a BSc in Biological Sciences and a minor in Anthropology from the State University of New York at Stony Brook, Long Island.

He spent the next three years as a Peace Corps volunteer in Sierra Leone, West Africa, teaching at an agricultural institute and as an agricultural extension agent to subsistence farmers in rural villages. He has travelled widely in west and east Africa for work and as a visitor.

He holds master?s degrees in History, and Agricultural and Applied Economics from Clemson University, South Carolina. He?has worked?as aReference Archivist at the Cushing Memorial Library, Texas A&M University and a?Country Desk Officer in the Africa Region of the US Peace Corps,and traveled to many countries in west and east Africa. These travels have been important in his study of Caribbean slavery and colonialism.. He?is currently the director of the Grenada National Museum.?His next project,?French Grenada: Island Caribs and French Settlers, 1498-1763?explores the rise and demise of the French in Grenada, will be published in July.


What the reviews say:

Amazing!!!!,?January 12, 2008
This review is from:?A-Z of Grenada Heritage (MacMillan Caribbean) (Paperback)

It makes great reading for those of us who of Grenadian heritage but have lost the connection to our culture. The book provides valuable historical information that is often lost over time and is a wonderful tool that I can share with my daughter.


Dip Into A-Z of Grenada Heritage for Island Gems,?November 25, 2007

This review is from:?A-Z of Grenada Heritage (MacMillan Caribbean) (Paperback)

“A-Z of Grenada Heritage” is an oversized, 283-page, color illustrated [on quality paper] compendium of useful information about multiple aspects of the island of Grenada.

John Angus Martin writes to the point and provides facts of historical and contemporary information in an easily understandable manner. Excellently chosen photographs and illustrations catch one’s interest.
Martin backs up his knowledge with references.

A partial entry example:

“FISHERMAN’S BIRTHDAY is a Roman Catholic festival celebrated on 29 June each year as the feast of St. Peter and St. Paul. In the town of GOUYAVE, one of the largest fishing communities in the islands, festivities are the ‘grandest’ and are attended by visitors from all across Grenada. Under the French the parish was dedicated to St. Pierre, the patron saint of fishermen. After church services in each parish and the blessing of fishermen’s boats and nets, there are boat races, eating, drinking and merrymaking for the remainder of the day; the merrymaking dates to the mid-1960s . . .”

“A-Z of Grenada Heritage” is recommended for library ‘Country’ collections, for every travel and tourist-related organization’s reception area, for those who live on the Spice Isle, for those who visit Grenada, and for those who plan to visit Grenada.

The book is a delight; there’s nothing quite like it.


Great Book,?May 5, 2008

This review is from:?A-Z of Grenada Heritage (MacMillan Caribbean) (Paperback)

I was born in Grenada but grew up here in the US. My parents and other family members made sure that I knew my culture. Although I have been back there many times,after reading this book, I was able to get eeven more knowledge of all that was instilled in my cultural knowledge by them. It is a great conversation book between family and friends who are not from Grenada. Well worth the read and the money.

A valuable resource,?March 7, 2008
This review is from:?A-Z of Grenada Heritage (MacMillan Caribbean) (Paperback)

This book is a valuable resource for anyone seriously interested in Grenada. It is an enjoyable and informative read.


?A-Z of Grenada,?November 20, 2010
This review is from:?A-Z of Grenada Heritage (MacMillan Caribbean) (Paperback)

It is good, Enjoying it….Well Please…Even though, like a Rasta, I have different opinion on many Subjects…But it is cool..Just have some over standing..You done know how that go….Seen!

A-Z Grenada Heritage,?December 16, 2008
This review is from:?A-Z of Grenada Heritage (MacMillan Caribbean) (Paperback)

This book provide a great overview of Grenada, it’s people and it’s culture. Great Read!!